Website development has two general approaches under the headings of web design and web programming, each of which has several languages for building a web.

Most web designers focus on user-side programming:

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This language was introduced in 1989 by the web developer Tim Berners-Lee to publish data. The structure and configuration of a web page is based on html elements, which in the eyes of web developers are the same as tags. This is the general form of an html tag.

All the information that is to be displayed to the user must be placed between these tags. In fact, it can be said that html is not a programming language but a language for marking page elements.

Currently, the latest version of this language is the fifth generation, which was introduced in 2008, but has not yet been approved by the World Wide Web Consortium, and its development has not yet been finalized.

Many web experts believe that coding in html5 will take on a newer form so that all elements of the page become more meaningful and gradually become a language for producing applications. The importance of achieving html5 was so great that Steve Jobs In 2010, the head of Apple announced in an open letter the emergence of HTML5 and the destruction of Flash.


The cascading style sheet was started by a team from the World Wide Web Consortium led by two people named Bert Bos and Håkon Wium Lie, the first version of which was published in 1960 and was able to make changes to the fonts and colors of pages as well as Create background color. In fact, it should be noted that this cascading style sheet was developed in 1980 with the aim of integrating Web document information. A language for shaping and arranging various elements of web pages.

Then the second version of css was released in 1998 and now the latest version is still under development. Html and CSS can be called two inseparable helpers because they complement each other. Normally, every website has at least one style file.


The JavaScript language was developed by Brendan Eich in the Netscape browser project and was first released in the beta version of Netscape 2. The JavaScript language was first introduced as Live Script and was later renamed JavaScript. The dynamics of pages or some kind of events that occur on pages is based on this language. JavaScript belongs to the family of scripting languages ​​and is able to be among the elements of the page and control the desired elements. All web browsers enable or disable the JavaScript language in most websites for initial validation of forms They get help from this language.

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