First in response to the question “What is mvc?” It can be said that MVC architecture is a software template that divides the program into three main parts that include view, controller and model. Each of these components is designed to address different aspects of a specific development program.

MVC is one of the best ways to develop a standard web for creating scalable projects that are widely used in the industry. The php programming language does not have the ability to implement the MVC architecture by default, so some secondary frameworks are used for this purpose. Currently, one of the best of them is Laravel.

What are the components of an MVC architecture?


The Model component deals with the logic of the data that the user is working with. This can be data that is transferred between the View and Controller components or other data related to business logic. For example, a client object retrieves customer information from a database, manipulates it, and updates the data in the database or uses it to present data.


View is used for the application UI. For example, the client view contains all the UI components such as text box, drop-down menu, etc. that the end user interacts with.


Controllers act as intermediaries between the Model and View components to process all business logic and incoming requests, manipulate data using the Model component, and interact with Views to deliver the final result.

For example, the client controller controls all interactions and inputs related to the client view and updates the database using the Model Customer. The same controller will be used to view customer data.

Familiarity with our connections between view, model and controller

The communication between these three sections is such that first a series of classes are written by the model section to interact with the database. And the controller section takes the information from the model according to the user’s request and sends it to the view that is visible to the user.

Learn more about MVC history

The MVC model was invented by Trygve Reenskaug. He wrote his first article on MVC in 1978. At first he called it the Thing Model View Editor template, but he quickly renamed it Template Model Controller.

Reenskaug sought to solve the problem of modeling complex real-world systems, such as “designing and building a large bridge, a power plant, or an offshore oil rig.” A human has a mental model of these systems and a computer has a digital model. How can you make the connection between the mental model and the digital model?

He first defined models, indicators, and controllers as follows:


Models represent knowledge. A model can be a single object or it can be a structure of objects.


Intuitive display of the model. This usually highlights certain features of the model. It therefore acts as a provider filter.


Is a controller of the communication between the user and the system. By setting the relevant displays, it provides the user with input to display themselves in appropriate places on the screen. This device provides the user with output by providing menus or other tools for giving commands and data. The controller receives such user output, translates it into appropriate messages, and forwards these messages to one or more visits.

Simple explanation for MVC

A type of programming architecture that consists of three parts: model, controller and view. Each of them must be in contact with each other in order to complete the web design project. So that even a simple error in any of the sections causes the program to not work at all. Model is used to communicate with the database, view is used to create the user interface, and controller is used to process user requests.

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