Today, minimalism or minimal design is often discussed in different areas of life and work, and the various design aspects of this minimalism are defined as a “style or technique characterized by maximum flexibility and simplicity” – in other words, It reduces a set of components to the minimum amount necessary to produce the desired effect.

This can mean reducing unnecessary elements and keeping only those that are necessary for the functionality of the user interface design. In many ways, this guidance can be useful for designers

Creating a user interface or user interface is useful because it promotes a way of working with “minimal design” as much as possible.

While many designers can appreciate the beauty of a minimalist user interface, here are some practical details to keep in mind to ensure you don’t lose clarity in your pursuit of minimalism.

Let’s see what advantages and points to consider.

“You don’t need more space. You need fewer things. »

What is minimal design in UI?

Minimalism is a word with a wide meaning that is used in various fields of human activities. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines it as: “a style or technique (such as music, literature, or design) characterized by perfection and simplicity.” With more applications in fields, it saves its main features:

Meaningful and simple.

Minimalism became popular as a visual design direction in the 1960s in New York when artists new and old moved toward geometric abstraction in painting and sculpture. This movement found its influence in the artworks associated with Bauhaus, de Stiegel, structuralism, etc. In various fields of visual arts, the main principle of minimalism

Leaving only the essential parts of the features to focus the attention of the recipient as well as support the overall elegance.

Lines, shapes, dots, colors, extra space, combinations

Everything should contribute to its function to be organized with an orderly thought. Today, we can see minimalism in different areas of life: architecture, art,

Photography, all kinds of design, literature, music, and even food presentation.

“A shape, a volume, a color, a surface is something in itself. It should not be disguised as part of a completely different whole. Forms and materials should not be changed according to their context.

Said: Donald Judd, an American artist associated with minimalism. Designers work with this style to make interfaces simple but empty, stylish, and without overload. They tend to use negative space, color combination, bold font, and multipurpose details that make simplicity beautiful. The dividing line is simple and very thin. That’s why all designers

They don’t risk trying this direction: some may think it’s very convenient, but others don’t find enough ways to display with fewer elements.

Features of minimalism or minimal design in UI

  • Simplicity
  • Clarity
  • Expressive visual hierarchy
  • Much attention to proportion and composition
  • The performance of each element
  • Lots of space
  • Great attention to detail
  • Typography is a significant element in the design

Eliminating non-functional decorative elements

Of course, the list could go on, but even the presented situations show that minimalism in UI seems like a friendly trend. Applied Intelligence, helps users see the main elements of the interface and makes the user journey intuitive and purposeful. In addition, minimalistic interfaces usually look uncluttered and uncluttered

Creating satisfaction from beauty is one of the main factors of desirability in UX.

Minimalism practices in digital design

Today, minimalism is one of the wider trends in the design of websites and mobile applications. The following steps describe the main points to consider.

Flat design

As we mentioned in one of our previous articles, flat design became a great support for minimalism in modern digital products. The most obvious feature of this direction is the use of two-dimensional flat visual details as very realistic and accurate skeuomorphic photos. Flat images usually use fewer elements and curves, avoiding highlights, shadows, gradients, or textures. This method makes it possible to create images, buttons, icons, and images that look neat at different resolutions and sizes. This allows designers to increase the usability and visual harmony of the user interface.

However, the terms “flat” and “minimalist” should not be used interchangeably, as is often the case today. They are not alike. “Flat” deals with the style of icons, images, buttons, and other visual elements of the interface in terms of gradients, textures, shadows, etc. “Minimalist” has a much broader meaning and generally deals with design, composition, its color.

Palette, contrast, and all the visual performance techniques applied to it. Therefore, the flat can be used as one of the design techniques in the minimalist approach

Described to create interfaces.

The monochrome or limited color palette

Color is an attribute of great potential in designing interfaces because it can create informative and emotional links between the product and the user. Designers who work in minimalism

They have the most choice of color choices and in most cases, they limit the color palette to monochromatic or pale sets. This enhances the selected colors

And it doesn’t distract users with too much variety. Such an approach is effective in focused interfaces, focusing users’ attention on specific actions such as purchasing, subscribing, donating, starting to use, etc.

In addition, from a psychological point of view, colors usually convey certain associations and emotions that are perceived by users, so a limited palette makes for a choice.

Colors are stronger in this aspect.

Bold and expressive typography

Typography in minimalist design is seen as one of the main visual elements, not only informing users about the content but also setting the style and increasing the visual performance.

Choosing a concise usage method for graphics, designers usually pay close attention to the choice of typography and never rush to experiment with pairings, sizes, and combinations.

In addition to color, fonts, and typefaces are seen as a strong graphic element that conveys general elegance and an emotional message. On the other hand, legibility and readability do not lose their leadership positions in the matter of choice.

Limitation of choice

One of the strong aspects of minimalism in interfaces is to increase user focus. Focusing on efficiency and simplicity, pages and screens of this type usually do not overload users’ attention with decorative elements, shadows, colors, details, and movement, thus supporting a high attention ratio and often to Allows users to quickly solve their problems. Problems and browsing through the website or app.

Featured theme visual elements

Using a minimal user interface, designers do not apply many images, but the images chosen to use are prominent, attractive, and informative. This method leads to a long and thorough search for the “right” image, which covers all functions and immediately sets the necessary mood. The photo or image itself must follow the principles of minimalism, otherwise, choosing the wrong image can destroy the integrity of the design.

Concise and intuitive navigation

Navigation in minimalistic interfaces presents another challenge: designers must carefully determine the elements to show only the elements of the highest importance. There are various techniques for hiding part of the navigation, but making sure that users can easily find what they need is very important.

This is one of the reasons why the minimalist approach can be criticized: without proper presentation and sufficient testing, solutions such as hamburger menus and hidden layout elements can lose some users on their journey to the website. This does not bode well for a positive user experience, so any navigation solution should follow the “measure three times, cut once” philosophy.

Adding air and using negative space

White space (also called negative) in digital design is a term that is more about space than color. In minimalism, this is one of the most effective ways to add elegance and highlight the main elements. Also, in terms of a monochromatic or limited color palette, white or negative space plays a large role in creating sufficient contrast and supporting readability.


The grid system in minimalistic interfaces can be effective for the orderly organization of the layout, especially if the website offers a lot of homogeneous content. Another advantage is that networks are responsive.


Following a philosophy of restraint and simplicity, minimalism relies heavily on contrast as a tool for good visual performance. The choice of color, shape, and placement is often based on contrast as the main feature.

Well, it is easy to see that minimalism has many advantages and provides a good approach to creating user-friendly interfaces. However, this does not mean that minimalism should be applied everywhere: every goal should be achieved with the right tools. One thing is certain: the more minimal the user interface is, the more time and effort the designer must put into making it clear and functional. The elegance and beauty of minimalism should support the universal goal of providing a positive user experience.

Many popular mobile apps achieve minimalist design by following the principle of removing unnecessary images and colors that take away from the original content. Removing all the extra collateral helps the user focus on the actual functionality of an app or website.

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Reinforce the existing hierarchy

White (or negative) space is the backbone of any minimalist design. What you get out of a design is just as important as what you put in. By using white space and size in a minimalist interface, you can keep the page structured and clean while preserving a meaningful hierarchy of design elements.

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