If you have started reading this article for any reason, you must have an interest in programming and specifically, Android programming, which led you to this article. or more specifically, to describe software, we need to know their language. Programming language is the common language of humans and software.
With the increasing use of mobile phones and tablets and strong dependence on their capabilities, the consumer market of these devices became very prosperous. Companies that provide hardware and various accessories for these devices are still facing significant profits. This caused the software providers to try to keep the users satisfied as much as possible.
Let’s go back to the first line, that is, the desire to take a step in the field of computer and software. Android Java programming training is one of the best ways to enter this world. At the very beginning, know that the software market, especially the Android programming market, is in great need of people who know this language and can program. So, learning a programming language can be fun, but also very practical and profitable.
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But what is Android and Android Java programming language?
Android is one of the most widely used operating systems today, which can be very exciting and profitable. According to the Statista site, from January 2012 to July 2020, the share of the Android software market and its users has grown from 23% to 74%. Google has announced that there are currently 2.5 billion active Android devices in the world.
But Java is a multipurpose and object-oriented programming language that is somewhat similar to C and C++, But it is easier to use and it is possible to build powerful programs with it. Java is one of the programming languages for Android, and learning it is one of the necessary things for Android.
What is Eclipse Android?
Eclipse is an integrated software development environment or multilingual IDE for computer programming with the ability to add plugins. IDE stands for an integrated development environment. This development environment was initially used with the Java language and for developing programs of this language. In the world of information technology, a programmer is called a developer, and the environment in which a programmer program is called a development environment.
So, IDE is a programming environment that gathers a set of software including a code editor, program, compiler, debugger, and finally the graphical interface, and provides it to the programmer.
In general, it can be said that each IDE is divided into 3 parts:
- code editor
- build automation tools
- a debugger
Eclipse programming has an environment (open source) where users can change the text of this operating system.
Eclipse software is designed using the Java programming language, and Google has made it possible to do Android programming using the ADT extension in the Eclipse programming environment.
Of course, Eclipse is not only used for Java programming. You can use it to write programs in C, C++, Python, etc. It is enough to download this program together with Java EE developer with the most up-to-date versions from the Internet and finally install it.
Therefore, Eclipse is an open-source and plug-in-based IDE, and very suitable for producing modern Java programs (JavaEE). Because JavaEE is a collection of technologies, different plugins have been produced for different technologies and they can be easily downloaded from the Internet and added to Eclipse. The question may arise in your mind, what is a plugin? Plugins are small programs that are produced by various companies and by installing them on a program, new features can be added to that program. For example, ADT is one of the popular plugins for Android development on Eclipse.
Features of Eclipse
- Very convenient environment settings
- Easy update of the program
- There are countless files and videos for training
- Much less volume
- Simple user interface
- Making settings by asking the user
The disadvantages of the Eclipse environment include the inability to write updated versions, doing some repetitive and boring tasks, the lack of sufficient wizard windows, and the lack of coding support in the form of a sponsor.
The emergence of Android Studio
The high profit and increasing popularity of Eclipse made Google think about the development of the Android programming environment. Therefore, he tried to be a competitor for Eclipse; So, the activity of Google began. Platforms also helped this effort, for example, because Google was the owner of the powerful Google search engine, it was able to advertise its new editor well, or the mentality that Google, because it owns Android, can design the best editor for it and make, influenced the early popularity of the editor made by Google. Finally, on May 16, 2013, for the first time, Google published its editor called Google Studio or Android Studio.
Android Studio is built and designed based on IntelliJ IDEA, which is a development environment for Java language and published by JetBrains. This programming environment requires more hardware resources than Eclipse and at the same time offers more interesting services to the programmer.
Android Studio uses the Gradle build system. Gradle is an automatic build system designed based on the XML language and based on the Groovy language, which compiles the programming code into an installable package or an executable program on the operating system, which may include several stages of compilation, file copying, compressing, pack and convert. Because doing these repetitive tasks many times will only cause a loss of time. So gradle is an automatic system in which it is possible to convert all files into a compressed file.
Features of Android Studio
- Build support based on Gradle
- Code rewriting and instant fixes for Android
- Template-based Wizard windows for creating common Android designs and components
- A rich Layout Editor that allows users to drag and drop UI components and an option to preview layouts in multiple screen configurations.
- Support for building Android Wear apps
- Built-in support for the Google Cloud platform that allows integration with the Google Cloud Messaging and application engine.
- Very high comprehensiveness of projects
- Much more useful testing and troubleshooting tools
- Programming for all Android versions
- Google and help support are very strong
As we can see, there are a large number of IDE options available to Java developers, including completely free and open-source commercial software. The choice of Java IDE depends to some extent on the project to be completed. Whether you use Eclipse or Android Studio also depends on the type of user and your desire. But finally, learning each of the programs, which will lead to better knowledge and as a result, a smart choice, should be prioritized.