In the following article, we intend to review the most common deep-learning interview questions and answer them.
Table of Contents
The concept of deep learning
Deep learning is a subset of machine learning that is developing as a leading technology worldwide today. Deep learning harnesses the complexities of the human brain to use unstructured data to decipher meaning and train machines. From industries such as self-driving cars, healthcare, and security to content creation, the applications of deep learning are numerous and increasing.
Deep learning interview questions
1. What is deep learning?
Deep learning is a machine learning technology that involves neural networks. The term “deep” in deep learning refers to the hierarchical structure of networks that are used to train natural human functions. Deep learning is commonly used in medical research, driverless cars, and other applications where accuracy and precision are important.
2. What is the difference between deep learning, machine learning, and artificial intelligence?
Deep learning and machine learning are both part of artificial intelligence and the difference between these three areas is about their characteristics. Machine learning is about algorithms that use data to train machines, while deep learning uses neural networks to train machines through multiple layers. Artificial intelligence, of course, is a broader term that refers to any method that helps machines mimic basic human actions.
3. What is the difference between supervised and unsupervised deep learning?
Supervised learning is a method of learning that trains machines through labeled data. This data has already been categorized and classified based on the correct set of answers. When a machine is fed this data, it analyzes the training set and produces the correct result. While unsupervised learning does not need to label the data. Machines learn by recognizing patterns and modeling data.
4. What are data visualization libraries?
Data visualization libraries help understand complex ideas by using visual elements such as charts, maps, and more. Visualization tools help you recognize patterns, trends, outliers, and more, allowing you to tailor your data as needed. The most common data visualization libraries are D3, React-Vis, Chart.js, vx
5. Why are deep networks better than shallow networks?
Neural networks include hidden layers separate from the input and output layers. Shallow neural networks use a hidden layer between the input and output layers, while deep neural networks use multiple layers. For a shallow network in any function, there must be many parameters. Because deep networks have multiple layers, they can better-fit functions even with a limited number of parameters. Today, deep networks are preferred because of their ability to work on any kind of data modeling.
6. What are recurrent neural networks?
Recurrent neural networks are neural networks that use the output of the previous step as input for the current step. Unlike a traditional neural network, where the inputs and outputs are independent of each other, in a recurrent neural network, the previous outputs are very important for the next decision. This is a hidden layer that contains data about a sequence.
7. What are the different layers of a convolutional neural network (CNN)?
Different types of CNN layers include the following:
Convolutional Layer: This is the main layer that has a set of learnable filters with acceptance context. This is the first layer that extracts the features of the input data.
ReLU Layer: This layer converts negative pixels to zero by making non-linear networks.
Pooling Layer: Placing a pooling layer between several consecutive convolution layers in a convolution architecture is common. The function of this layer is to reduce the spatial size (width and height) of the (input) image to reduce the number of parameters and calculations inside the network and therefore control overfitting.
8. What is the most desirable deep learning library and why?
Tensorflow is the most desirable library in deep learning due to its high flexibility. This library can be suitable for any model. Tensorflow is popular among researchers because it can be modified according to needs and control networks.
9. What do you think about Tensors?
Tensors are multidimensional arrays that allow us to represent data that has higher dimensions. Deep learning deals with multidimensional data sets. Here, dimensions refer to the different features that are present in the dataset.
10. What is the application of deep learning in today’s era and how does it help data scientists?
Deep learning is used in the fields of language recognition, self-driving cars, text generation, video and image editing, and more. However, the most important application of deep learning is perhaps in the field of computer vision, where computers use relevant data to learn object recognition, image retrieval and segmentation, medical diagnosis, crop and livestock monitoring, and more.
11. What are the advantages of the supervised learning method?
With supervised learning, you can fully train the classifier to have a perfect decision boundary. Specific definitions of classes help machines to accurately distinguish between different classes. Supervised learning is particularly useful for predicting data with numerical values.
12. How is the application of unsupervised learning in deep learning?
Unsupervised learning is considered the future of deep learning. This learning model imitates the way humans learn. The biggest advantage of using this method is that it is scalable, unlike supervised learning. A strong unsupervised algorithm will be able to learn by discrimination and even without many examples.
These 12 questions are generally repeated in the deep learning interview. You can do your best in interviews by increasing information, reviewing frequently asked questions, and increasing your confidence.